Beer Manufacturing – History, Process and Equipment

[ 0 ] October 7, 2021 |

Beer is an alcoholic beverage that is made by the process of extracting raw materials using water, boiling as well as fermenting. It is one of the most generally consumed as well as the oldest alcoholic drinks available. It is also very popular coming third behind only water and tea as the most consumed beverages.

It is made by brewing and fermenting starches that are derived mainly from cereal grains. These can include wheat, maize, malted barley, oats and rice. 

Beer is described by law in certain countries –Germany being a prominent example. This means that the standard is defined and includes ingredients like malt which is kiln-dried barley, yeast and hops. You can read more about this here.

Drinking it comes with several benefits. Some of these include preventing various heart diseases. It is useful for preventing diseases such as Alzheimer’s disease and other memory-affecting diseases. It also prevents osteoporosis, type 2 diabetes, gallstones, kidney stones various types of cancer. Some even use it to for stimulating their appetite and for digestion. 

Beer is an important part of the culture in a lot of countries. You can find lots of pubs and beer festivals in such places. 

History of Beer Manufacturing  

Beer is made through a process called brewing. The rudimentary techniques used for brewing it came from the Middle East. Hops were used earlier in places like Germany and Britain and beer was made by what was called a bottom-fermentation process. This is so-called because the yeast that was used tended to stay at the bottom of the vessel used for the brewing.

Brewing was done mainly during the winter while in the summer, ice was utilized for keeping beer cool. This type of beverage was referred to as lager from the German word “lagern” which means to store. The term is still in use today to indicate beer that is made from the bottom-fermenting process.

The Industrial Revolution led to the mechanizing of the brewing process. It brought about better control measures using tools like saccharometers and thermometers in Britain. The availability of refrigeration also aided the production of lager beer in the summer.

Today, brewing has become a large-scale industry with modern breweries making use of stainless steel computer-controlled equipment that are automated. This helps to produce a greater quantity of the drink within a short period. You may learn more about its history here https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_beer

The Beer Making Process

To brew beer, fully ripened grains of barley is steeped in cold water until they are saturated. The grains are aerated as well as stirred. This causes them to germinate and opens the grain’s starch reserve thereby releasing enzymes like malt diastase. When the germination is complete, the grains are roasted to end the germination process.

The point in the process where roasting begins and ends typically affects the color and flavor of the beverage. The product at this particular point is known as malt. The malt is then crushed with iron rollers and then transferred to a tun (mash tank). The tun is a large stainless steel vessel that is used for mixing the malt with warm water.

The mixture becomes porridge-like and it is called a mash and it is mixed with other grains that were similarly prepared. The temperature of the mixture is raised in order for the enzyme to react and disintegrate the starch converting it to simple sugars. 

The starch sugars present in the wort is fermented and therefore produces carbonation and ethanol in the beer during the brewing. Modern beers are brewed with hops and this adds a tinge of bitterness as well as flavors to it. These act as natural preservatives and stabilizing agents.

Other kinds of flavoring agents may be included such as herbs, gruit and fruit. They may be used in place of hops. For large-scale commercial brewing, natural carbonation is typically removed and instead of this, forced carbonation is used.

The alcoholic strength of most modern beers is generally between 4% and 6% ABV (alcohol by volume). This can range between 0.5% and 20% depending on the brewery but most do not pass the 6% mark. Beer is packaged and distributed in metal casks, aluminum cans, glass bottles, or plastic containers.

Brewing Equipment

Despite the availability of large commercial beer-making brands, lots of traditional and local brands still make their beer. They are referred to as microbreweries. Microbreweries may be private or commercial and they distribute their products to their immediate locality or on-site.

For such manufacturers, brewing equipment of varying sizes are available to help them in their beer manufacturing venture. These equipment can include standard vessels, piping, tun, kettle, sanitary pumps, a work platform that comes with stairs and railing, etc.

The equipment can also be used to form part of the establishment’s décor. You can check out ABS Commercial to learn more.

Conclusion

Beer is a popular alcoholic beverage that can be brewed locally. The brewing process is straightforward and with the right formula and equipment, you can begin to make your own product.

Category: Food.Fun.Stuff.

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